Hip Fracture and Disabilities among Elderly in Gaza Governorates, Palestine

Ashraf Y. El-jedi, Atef A. Mousa, Fadel N. Naim


Hip fracture is the most common fracture in the elderly people and causes many disabilities for people who don't receive appropriate rehabilitation after fracture or surgery.

Objective: The general objective of this study is to recognize the disabilities arising as a result of hip fracture among the elderly in Gaza Strip.

Methods: a descriptive correlation cross sectional design was used. Face to face structured questionnaire and international Barthel index tool were used to determine the disabilities among hip fracture population. One hundred one patients with old hip fracture were included. Sixty patients were from Khan Younis city and forty-one patients from Rafah city. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA test, t-test, correlation coefficient and Scheffe Multiple Comparisons test were used to analyze results in the study.

Results: the results revealed that 82.2% of patients complaint from disability. 15.8% had total disability, 30.7% had severe disability, 19.8% had moderate disability, 9.9% had mild disability and 5.9% had minimal disability. Eighty-five percent of patients suffered from pain. 24.8% had mild pain, 36.6% had moderate pain, 17.8% had severe pain and 5.9% suffered from intolerable pain. The most common cause of hip fracture was falling down (81.2%). Also, the most common complications were failure of operation (32.3%), wound infection (29%) and bed sores (29%). The most common type of hip fracture operation was Plate & screw fixation which represented 63.1% from the operated patients. There were significant statistical differences between age and pain slope with development of disability.

Conclusion: hip fractures among the elderly caused a high percent of disability, complications and pain which can be reduced by improving operation's techniques and good rehabilitation programs.

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