Identification of Factors Affecting Special Hardship Cases Shelters’ Interventions at Gaza Strip – UNRWA

Nabil I. El-Sawalhi, Belal N. Alyazji


The sheltering and housing for special hardship cases families is one of main objectives of UNRWA. It contributes to alleviating the suffering of poor refugee families. There are many problems beyond non-interference in the process of housing, which negatively affects human dignity and the right to housing. This paper aims to improve the housing and intervention plans in UNRWA for families which classified under special hardship cases. The factors affecting the process of the intervention were identified. A questionnaire for a group of engineers and social workers from ICIP and RSSP who are specialist working in shelter at UNRWA in Gaza Strip was conducted. 105 questionnaires were distributed. A total of 85 questionnaires were received with a response rate of 81%. The results showed a breakdown of the social, technical, political, legal and economic factors, challenges and constraints that affect the intervention process by UNRWA. The most important social factors were the population density and number of family within the shelter. The severe defect affects the shelter stability and the numbers of existing rooms in the shelter were the most important technical factors. The type of shelter property for family and poverty level of the household are considered the most two important economic factors. Moreover, the most important challenges and constraints were the availability of funds and budget for the intervention process.


Hardship cases, Factors, UNRWA, Intervention

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