Assessment of Stormwater Infiltration Basins Models Developed in Gaza Strip

Zakaria Helles, Yunes Mogheir


Stormwater remains the sole source of aquifer recharge in the Gaza strip, which should be utilized properly through artificial infiltration. The study objective is to investigate and analyze the infiltration efficiency of three large exiting infiltration basins in the Gaza strip (Alamal, Asadaqa, and Waqf) using different infiltration techniques. The technique applied in Ala-mal basin is the natural surface spreading of stormwater while Asadaqa basin used the surface spreading combined with graveled boreholes. Waqf basin used non-graveled boreholes (empty shafts cased with UPVC pipes). The infiltration rate and efficiency were recorded and estimated for each basin during the 2021-2022 wet season and compared to a past 2017-2018 wet season at a water depth of 1.70 m.
The study revealed that, the actual infiltration capacity of Waqf basin was estimated as 2,000 m3/day in the 2021-2022 wet season, twice that in the 2017-2018 wet season, with an infiltration efficiency of 57.47 %, that was attributed to the 18 drilled non-graveled boreholes, which enhanced the seepage of stormwater into the underlying soil. Asadaqa basin has the lowest infiltration efficiency of 3.90 % due to the continuous accumulation of thick and dense sediment layer on the basin floor, with nonchanged actual infiltration capacity (around 2,800 m3/day) between the two studied wet seasons. On the oth-er hand, Alamal basin infiltration efficiency was only 4.60 %, with actual infiltration capacity of 629 and 105.4 m3/day dur-ing the two wet seasons, respectively where some repair and upgrade works were performed at Alamal basin which enhanced the actual infiltration capacity but still far from the design infiltration capacity. For future studies, Waqf basin technique should be thoroughly studied and investigated as a novel artificial infiltration method, with deep study on the factors af-fecting the infiltration process.


Stormwater, Infiltration Basin, Drywell, Water Depth, Clogging, Aquifer.

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